Volume 1 Issue 1

MULTI-DISCIPLINARY RESEARCH IN THE ARTS: e-JOURNAL

e-JOURNAL: Volume 1 | Issue 1 | September 2007

'International perspectives on the development of research-guided practice in community-based arts in health'

UNESCO Observatory, The University of Melbourne's Early Learning Centre
Refereed E-Journal, Multi-Disciplinary Research in the Arts. ISSN 1835 - 2776

Introduction

This inaugural edition of the UNESCO Observatory, Faculty ABP, UM refereed e-journal offers a variety of perspectives on the term "multi-disciplinary", particularly in relation to the arts.

The arts often represent cultures as social organisms. In the context of the UNESCO Observatory and this refereed e-journal, the arts are strengthened and have greater meaning when orchestrated in harmony with a social voice, classical refinements, heritage values and contemporary re-creations.

The advent of the Industrialised and Computer Age has characterised by-products – globalisation, poverty, global warming, mental illness and neurosis, a devitalised proletariat and under-valued intelligentsia. The quest for materialism has often been at the expense of the spiritual and finer values of life. This refereed e-journal contrasts aspects of modern life, using the arts, culture and education as the lever.

Diverse themes from a wide variety of contributors and contrasting backgrounds constitute our first volume of twelve essays. Jose Buitrago, Professor of Environmental Design, Athens, Greece discusses the impact of heritage tourism on historic preservation and economic development in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Stuart Cunningham, Professor and Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation at Queensland University of Technology, Australia, presents a short insightful paper illuminating his experience in cultural and communication policy in relation to economic, legal and other specialist knowledge. Kate Ferguson, student from Curtin University of Technology, Western Australia writes of the multi-faceted experiences in the Global Studio where an architectural and urban design team of students and staff went to Zeyrek, Istanbul, Turkey with the aim to improve the lives of the people through their project.

Jaime Hernandez Garcia, from the School of Architecture and Design, University of Javeriana, Bogota, Columbia presents a paper demonstrating how community visions and cooperative efforts are more successful in shaping low income settlements in metropolitan Bogota. By contrast, Derham Groves, senior lecturer from the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at The University of Melbourne, Australia discusses one of Australia's most popular and accessible artists, Pro Hart. Global advocacy for arts education is discussed in the essay by Ashfaq Ishaq, Executive Director of the Child Art Foundation, Washington DC, USA. He writes of its efforts achieving important social objectives through the integration of arts education with science, sport and technology. Margaret Kelaher, senior lecturer from the Centre for Health Policy, Programs and Economics at the University of Melbourne has written with Naomi Berman and the partnering research team, methodological approaches evaluating Community Arts for mental health.

John Langmore's essay discusses the politics and negotiating factors in mobilizing support for development. He is the former Director of the United Nations Division for Social Policy and Development in New York and then Representative of the International Labour Organization to the United Nations. Elizabetta Lazzaro from the European Commission and the Economics Department, University of Padua, Italy presents her research on reforms in music education in Belgium and their impact on non-professional and professional music education. Maggie McCormick, artist and PHD candidate in the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at the University of Melbourne presents cross-cultural, cross disciplinary perspectives and reflections on gender.

Jason Potts, from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation at QUT, Queensland Australia, explores through his paper an evolutionary approach to the economics of the arts. Globalisation and its impact on the arts and culture of the Balkans is brought to light through the reflective analysis of Boris Previsic's essay on cultural impacts in the Balkans.

Obviously the notion of the arts and culture in tandem with areas of multi-disciplinary themes and concerns, social, architectural, urban, environmental, economic, educational, health and community or the stand-alone 'arts for arts sake' approach, becomes evident through these essays. This first e-journal fulfils the mission of the UNESCO Observatory, to bring people together with shared interests in the arts and encourage activities that cross disciplinary divisions, drawing on the combined expertise of national and internationally recognised researchers.

Systematising significant and diverse experiences will provide evidence for the use of the arts across a multi-disciplinary education and promote the exchange of experiences internationally. The next five issues of this e-journal will be guest edited by eminent scholars with their chosen theme under the auspice of the UNESCO Observatory. These will appear bi-annually. Scholars, artists and students are welcomed to submit essays for review by an expert team of academics.

I would most sincerely like to thank the contributing authors; the associate editor, Naomi Berman; the designer, Vrushti Mawani; the copy editor, Irene Korsten; Tony Zara the manager of web and multi-media development and the expert reviewers for their fine contributions. The e-journal has been graciously supported by the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at The University of Melbourne, Australia.

Papers from Volume 1 Issue 1

Heritage Tourism Heritage tourism became a successful strategy to promote the USA Commonwealth of Puerto Rico as a unique tropical destination in the Caribbean. Driven by the desire to capitalize in the heritage tourism market, both private and public sectors joined efforts to initiate the restoration of the 16th century district of Old San Juan. Creative Industries A critical, interdisciplinary approach to policy analysis and policy advocacy where the economic, the legal and other dimensions of specialist knowledge are brought together withttp://www.henri-matisse.net/paintings/ax.jpgh cultural and communication policy.
Global Studio The Global Studio brings together students, professionals and academics from across the world to learn, teach, and enact participatory process in poor communities. This paper examines a project for the Turkish Zeyrek community. Local Initiative Community initiative urban, architectonic and/or environmental projects can be better than those produced by public or private plans in low-income settlements of Bogota, Columbia.
Pro Hart Pro Hart (1928 – 2006) is one of Australia’s most famous artists. To a large extent this is because his paintings of the Australian outback were reproduced on a wide range of mass – produced items. Arts Education the International Child Art Foundation (ICAF) has made a unique contribution to global advocacy for arts education and integrating the arts with science, sport and technology and important social objectives.
Evaluating Community Arts There is increasing interest in examining the effects of arts programmes on health. However, despite evidence of best practice in arts programme delivery there has been little emphasis on evaluation. This paper outlines a process for developing evaluation methodologies in arts and health. Political Economic Development The article discusses the political obstacles and supports for additional finance for development. It emphasizes the need for effective negotiating alliances among developing country governments that will draw support from other countries and organizations.
Music Education In most countries, non-professional and pre-professional music education falls under non-compulsory schooling, and is mainly provided and regulated by music schools. This essay discusses Belgian data collected 1990-2002 presenting the impacts of a fee system introduced in the early 1990's to reform and improve the organization and quality of supply. Suitcases Maps Wolves and Glass Walls The Transient City – a research project mapping urban consciousness through contemporary art, gender and the metaphors of suitcases, maps, wolves and glass walls.
Art Innovation An exploration of the economic and cultural contribution of the arts and its effect on economic growth and evolution. The crucial connection is supplied by an innovation systems perspective on the creative industries. Cultural Impact Why the Balkans region, so rich and powerful in movies and literature, is not only economically marginalised by globalisation, but also culturally the most stigmatised in Europe.